House Democrats have launched a unified effort against the Republican-backed Safeguard American Voter Eligibility (SAVE) Act, which mandates proof of citizenship for voting in federal elections. Proposed by Rep. Chip Roy (R-TX) and supported by Sen. Mike Lee (R-UT), this bill seeks to amend the National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) to ensure that only U.S. citizens can vote in federal elections by requiring documentary proof of citizenship and access to federal databases to verify voter eligibility.

House Minority Whip Katherine Clark (D-MA) has urged Democrats to vote against the bill, arguing it imposes an extreme burden on voters. “As we’ve seen a number of times this Congress, House Republicans continue to irresponsibly call into question the credibility of our elections,” Clark stated, emphasizing that noncitizens voting is already illegal.

Conversely, House Speaker Mike Johnson (R-LA) supports the bill, emphasizing that it safeguards elections by ensuring only American citizens can vote. He outlined the bill’s provisions, which include requiring state officials to verify citizenship before providing voter registration forms and allowing states access to federal databases to remove noncitizens from voter rolls​(save_act_white_paper)​.

The SAVE Act’s Provisions and Rationale

The SAVE Act requires voters to provide proof of citizenship via documents such as passports, government-issued photo IDs showing proof of U.S. birth, military IDs, or valid photo IDs with accompanying citizenship documentation like birth certificates. This legislation addresses the loopholes in the NVRA that currently allow individuals to register to vote without proving their citizenship​.

A white paper on the SAVE Act highlights that noncitizen voting has occurred in states like Massachusetts, Ohio, and Virginia, affecting election outcomes. For instance, a 2014 study found that noncitizens likely determined the outcome of certain races in the 2008 and 2010 elections. This evidence supports the need for stricter verification to prevent noncitizen voting, which compromises election integrity​(save_act_white_paper)​.

Democratic Opposition and Criticism

Democratic leadership argues that the SAVE Act creates unnecessary barriers for legitimate voters. Rep. Sylvia Garcia (D-TX) introduced the American Dream and Promise Act, which includes provisions that would allow the Secretary of Homeland Security to waive grounds of inadmissibility for noncitizens who have illegally voted. This suggests a significant divide in perspectives on election integrity between the two parties​(save_act_white_paper)​.

Conservative Perspective and Broader Implications

From a conservative viewpoint, the SAVE Act addresses critical vulnerabilities in the U.S. electoral system exacerbated by lax immigration policies under the Biden administration. The rise in the foreign-born population and the influx of noncitizens who can obtain Social Security Numbers without adequate verification pose significant risks to election integrity. The SAVE Act aims to close these loopholes, enhance election security, and restore confidence in the electoral process​​.


The ongoing debate over the SAVE Act underscores the critical issue of ensuring that only eligible citizens participate in federal elections. As the immigration crisis continues and concerns about election integrity grow, the SAVE Act represents a significant step towards safeguarding the democratic process. The bill’s proponents argue that it is essential to protect the sanctity of U.S. elections from foreign interference and illegal voting, thereby preserving the nation’s foundational democratic principles.